Hun-Yuan 83 Moves

陳式心意混元八十三式太極拳(一路)

chen/1 shi\ xin- yi\ hun/ yuan/ ba- shi/ san- shi\ tai\ ji/ quan/ (yi- lu\)

Chen Style Xin Yi Hun Yuan Eighty Three Movements Tai Ji Form ("First" Path/Form)

Note: the grouping of movements into sections has been done by Master Zhang as an attempt to divide the rather long form into manageable chunks and as far as I know not part of Grand Master Feng's treatment of this form.

【第一段】Section I

1. 无极起式 wu/ ji/ qi~ shi\

“Nothing, Ultimate1, Starting, Posture”

Starting Posture

2. 金刚捣碓 jin- gang- dao~ dui-

“Buddha’s Warrior, Pound, Mortar”

Buddha’s Warrior Pound Mortar

3. 懒扎衣 lan~ zha- yi-

“Lazy, Tie, Coat”

Leisurely Tie Coat

4. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

5. 单鞭 dan- bien-

“Single, Whip”

Single Whip

6. 金刚捣碓 jin- gang- dao~ dui-

“Buddha’s Warrior, Pound, Mortar”

Buddha’s Warrior Pound Mortar

7. 白鹤亮翅 bai/ he\ liang\ chi\

“White, Crane, Show, Wings”

White Crane Spreads Wings

8. 斜行拗步 xie/ xing/ ao/ bu\

“Diagonal, Walk, Twist, Step”

Walk Obliquely and Twist Step

9. 初收/提收势 chu- shou- or ti/ shou- shi\

"First, Keep" or “Lift, Keep, Posture”

First Lift Hands and Raise Knee

10. 前蹚拗步 qian/ tang/ ao/ bu\

“Forward, Wade, Twist, Step”

Wade Forward and Twist Step

11. 斜行拗步 xie/ xing/ ao/ bu\

“Diagonal, Walk, Twist, Step”

Walk Obliquely and Twist Step

12. 再收 zai\ shou-

“Again, Keep”

Repeat Lift Hands and Raise Knee

13. 前蹚拗步 qian/ tang/ ao/ bu\

“Forward, Wade, Twist, Step”

Wade Forward and Twist Step

14. 掩手肱捶 yen~ shou~ gong- (or more commonly hong/) chui/

“Cover, Hand, Arm, Punch ”

Cover Hand Punch

【第二段】Section II

15. 金刚捣碓 jin- gang- dao~ dui-

“Buddha’s Warrior, Pound, Mortar”

Buddha’s Warrior Pound Mortar

16. 披身捶 pi- shen- chui/

“Drape, Body, Punch”

Shield Body Punch

17. 背折靠 bei\ zhe/ kao\

“Back, Fold, Lean”

Fold and Lean with Back

18. 青龙出水 qing- long/ chu- shui~

“Green, Dragon, Emerge, Water”

Green Dragon Emerge from Water

19. 双推手 shuang- tui- shou~

“Double, Push, Hand”

Double Push Hand

20. 三换掌 san- huan\ zhang~

“Three, Change, Palm”

Three Change Palm

21. 肘底捶 zhou/ di~ chui/

“Elbow, Bottom, Punch”

Fist undet Elbow

22. 倒捲肱 dao\ juan~ gong- (or more commonly hong/)

“Reverse, Roll, Arm”

Reverse Roll Arm

23. 退步壓肘 tui\ bu\ ya- zhou~

“Back, Step, Press, Elbow”

Step Back Press Elbow

24. 中盤 zhong- pan/

“Middle, Winding”

Middle Winding

25. 白鹤亮翅 bai/ he\ liang\ chi\

“White, Crane, Show, Wings”

White Crane Spreads Wings

26. 斜行拗步 xie/ xing/ ao/ bu\

“Diagonal, Walk, Twist, Step”

Walk Obliquely and Twist Step

27. 閃通背 shan~ tong- bei\

“Dodge, Through, Back”

Dodge through Back

28. 掩手肱捶 yen~ shou~ gong- (or more commonly hong/) chui/

“Cover, Hand, Arm, Punch ”

Cover Hand Punch

【第三段】Section III

29. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

30. 单鞭 dan- bien-

“Single, Whip”

Single Whip

31. 云手 yun/ shou~

“Cloud, Hand”

Cloud Hand

32. 高探马 gao- tan\ ma~

“High, Pad, Horse” or "High Scout2"

High, Pad, Horse or High Probe

33. 左擦脚 zuo~ cha- jiao~

“Left, Rub, Foot”

Left Kick

34. 右擦脚 you\ cha- jiao~

“Right, Rub, Foot”

Right Kick

35. 左蹬一跟 zuo~ deng\ yi- gen-

“Left, Kick, One, Heel”

Left Heel Kick

36. 前蹚拗步 qian/ tang/ ao/ bu\

“Forward, Wade, Twist, Step”

Wade Forward and Twist Step

37. 擊地捶 ji- di\ chui/

“Hit, Ground, Punch”

Ground Punch

38. 翻身二起脚 fan- shen- er\ qi/ jiao~

“Turn, Body, Two, Raise, Foot”

Turn Body Double Kick

39. 兽头式 shou\ tou/ shi\

“Beast, Head, Posture”

Beast Head Posture

40. 旋风脚 xuan/ feng- jiao\

“Twist, Wind, Foot”

Tornado Kick

41. 右蹬一跟 you\ deng\ yi- gen-

“Right, Kick, One, Heel”

Rick Heel Kick

42. 掩手肱捶 yen~ shou~ gong- (or more commonly hong/) chui/

“Cover, Hand, Arm, Punch ”

Cover Hand Punch

【第四段】Section IV

43. 小擒打 xiao~ qin/ da~

“Small, Grab, Hit”

Small Grab And Punch

44. 抱头推山 bao\ tou/ tui- shan-

“Hug, Head, Push, Mountain”

Hug Head Push Mountain

45. 三换掌 san- huan\ zhang~

“Three, Change, Palm”

Three Change Palm

46. 懒扎衣 lan~ zha- yi-

“Lazy, Tie, Coat”

Leisurely Tie Coat

47. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

48. 斜单鞭 xie/ dan- bien-

“Diagonal, Single, Whip”

Single Whip at an angle

49. 前招后招 qian/ zao- hou\ zao-

“Front, Wave, Back, Wave”

Front and Back Wave

50. 野马分鬃 ye/ ma~ fen- zong-

“Wild, Horse, Part, Mane”

Wild Horse Part Mane

51. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

52. 单鞭 dan- bien-

“Single, Whip”

Single Whip

53. 双震脚 shuang- zhen\ jiao~

“Double, Stomp, Foot”

Double Stomp Foot

54. 玉女穿梭 yü\ nü~ chuan- shuo-

“Jade, Lady, Pierce, Shuttle”

Jade Lady Works Shuttle

55. 懒扎衣 lan~ zha- yi-

“Lazy, Tie, Coat”

Leisurely Tie Coat

56. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

57. 单鞭 dan- bien-

“Single, Whip”

Single Whip

【第五段】Section V

58. 云手 yun/ shou~

“Cloud, Hand”

Cloud Hand

59. 摆脚跌叉 bai~ jiao~ die/ ca-

“Swing, Foot, Fall, Split”

Swing Kick Straddle Split

60. 金鸡独立 jin- ji- du/ li\

“Golden, Rooster, Lone, Stand”

Golden Rooster Stand on One Foot

61. 倒捲肱 dao\ juan~ gong- (or more commonly hong/)

“Reverse, Roll, Arm”

Reverse Roll Arm

62. 退步壓肘 tui\ bu\ ya- zhou~

“Back, Step, Press, Elbow”

Step Back Press Elbow

63. 中盤 zhong- pan/

“Middle, Winding”

Middle Winding

64. 白鹤亮翅 bai/ he\ liang\ chi\

“White, Crane, Show, Wings”

White Crane Spreads Wings

65. 斜行拗步 xie/ xing/ ao/ bu\

“Diagonal, Walk, Twist, Step”

Walk Obliquely and Twist Step

66. 閃通背 shan~ tong- bei\

“Dodge, Through, Back”

Dodge through Back

67. 掩手肱捶 yen~ shou~ gong- (or more commonly hong/) chui/

“Cover, Hand, Arm, Punch ”

Cover Hand Punch

68. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

69. 单鞭 dan- bien-

“Single, Whip”

Single Whip

【第六段】Section VI

70. 云手 yun/ shou~

“Cloud, Hand”

Cloud Hand

71. 高探马 gao- tan\ ma~

“High, Pad, Horse” or "High, Spy"

High, Pad, Horse or High Probe

72. 十字摆莲 shi/ zi\ bai~ lian/

“Ten3, Character, Swing, Lotus”

Cross Kick

73. 指裆捶 zi~ dang\ chui/

“Point, Groin, Punch”

Groin Punch

74. 白猿献果 bai/ yuan/ xian\ guo~

“White, Ape, Offer, Fruit”

White Ape Offer Fruit

75. 六封四閉 liu\ feng- si\ bi\

“Six, Blocking, Four, Closing”

Six Blocking Four Closing

76. 单鞭 dan- bien-

“Single, Whip”

Single Whip

77. 雀地龙 que\ di\ long/

“Sparrow, Earth, Dragon”

Low Flying Dragon

78. 上步七星 shang\ bu\ qi- xing-

“Forward, Step, Seven, Star”

Forward Step Seven Star

79. 退步跨虎 tui\ bu\ kua- hu~

“Retreat, Step, Straddle, Tiger”

Step Back Straddle Tiger

80. 转身摆莲 zhuan~ shen- bai~ lian/

“Turn, Body, Swing, Lotus”

Turn Body Swing Lotus

81. 當頭炮 dang- tou/ pao\

“Match, Head, Canon”

Head Punch

82. 金刚捣碓 jin- gang- dao~ dui-

“Buddha’s Warrior, Pound, Mortar”

Buddha’s Warrior Pound Mortar

83. 收式 shou- shi\

“Closing, Posture”

Closing Posture

Foot Note

  1. 无极 wu/ ji/, “Nothingness, Extreme”, Ultimate Nothingness, a concept proposed by scholars of yi\ jing-, or I-Ching, “Change, Scripture”, the Book of Change, that refers to the Absence of Substance, Action, or in this context, absence of Movements and Wandering Thoughts.
    1. 探马 tan\ ma~ , “Pad, Horse” could be interpreted as a special historical term for a military forward scout that rides ahead of the main army to check on the enemy.
  2. 十 shi/, the Chinese character for the number “10” resembles a crucifix or a cross. In the context of the “Cross Kick”, it is meant to describe the shape formed by the kicking leg against the body.